The Berlin Wall 1961-1989
As you can see in the first and second pictures, the bricks represent the place where the wall once stood. There is still some of the wall preserved but it is now part of museum call Topography of Terror. The “why” and the “madness” eloquently express the the presence of the wall. The wall separated Berlin into the US/French/British side from the Soviet Union side. There were two walls place parallel to each other but several hundred meters apart. The area in between belonged to neither side so it was called no-man’s land. Previous to the wall being built, many east Germans migrated to the western side because life was much better there. East Germany wanted to prevent more people from moving out so in the middle of the night a wall was erected. For the eastern side, the wall represented protection from fascist elements that would prevent a socialist state. People who lived on the eastern side were prevented from traveling to the west but also were prevented from traveling to other non-communist countries. In contrast, the west saw it as a restriction of freedom and movement, After the demise of the Soviet Union, the wall was dissembled. On October 3, 1989 East and West Germany were reunited to form a single German state.
The DDR (Deutsche Demokratische Republik) Museum is an interactive museum that documents what life was like in Eastern Germany during the time when Germany was separated by the wall.
The reunification of Germany is a national holiday celebrated on October 3 with a huge party at the Brandenburg Gate.