Hamburg IBA Dock and Tour
The acronym IBA stand for International Business Exhibition. It is an environmental city planning project that has helped revitalize the neighborhood of Wilhelmsburg by bringing the International Gardening Exhibition to the area. It has also is attempting to improve the high school graduation rate in the neighborhood. Currently the drop-out rate is 20%. It is working to build walls along the railway lines in order to reduce noise so that business will come to the area. City and Climate change projects are improving sustainable living in Wilhelmsburg.
The second picture is of the steps leading to the top of a former landfill. The landfill of Georgswerder accumulated 200,000 tons of toxic waste beginning in 1949 until its closure in 1979. In 1983, measures were taken to make the landfill safer. A thick plastic layer was installed to cover the entire area in order to make it waterproof so that rainwater would not seep in an carry the toxins into the ground water. In addition, three wind turbines were build on top of the hill. The area has an observation deck where visitors have a great view of the city.
The Energiebunker is an example of one such project of the IBA. The air raid bunker is from World War II. The construction is of concrete walls 3 meters thick. The British tried to demolish the bunker after the war but with no success so now it still stands as a memory of Germany’s history. IBA has turned it into a power plant that uses renewable energy. It uses solar energy, biogas, wood chips and waste heat to create electricity. It is a local decentralized power plant that provides jobs and income for the neighborhood. (Note the large construction cranes.)
The IBA projects show that mistakes of the past can be made into positive prospects for the future.